July 2018: RevPAR Rises, but Profit Falls at U.S. Hotels
Top-line growth continues for U.S. hotels, but flow through isn’t keeping up, according to the latest data tracking full-service hotels from HotStats.
Despite a 1.1 percent year-on-year increase in RevPAR, profit per room at hotels in the U.S. dropped 2.2 percent this month due to declining non-rooms revenues and rising costs.
Profit per room at hotels in the U.S. dropped to $82.23 this month, almost 24 percent below the $101.92 GOPPAR recorded for year-to-date 2018. This was only the second month since the beginning of 2018 that year-on-year profit per room has fallen in what has been a positive period of performance.
While hotels in the U.S. successfully recorded an increase in rooms revenue, a decline was recorded in non-rooms revenues, including food & beverage (down 2.3 percent) and conference & banqueting (down 3.5 percent) on a per-available-room basis.
Despite the decline in ancillary revenues, hotels in the U.S. successfully recorded a 0.4 percent increase in TRevPAR to $236.65, which contributed to the 2.8 percent increase in total revenue for year-to-date 2018, and represented a tenth consecutive month of year-on-year growth in this measure.
However, rising costs, which included a 0.9 percentage-point increase in labor to 36.5 percent of total revenue, as well as a 0.4 percentage-point uplift in overheads to 24.4 percent of total revenue, impeded growth in total revenue.
As a result of the movement in revenue and costs, profit conversion at hotels in the U.S. slumped to 34.7 percent of total revenue, which is well below the year-to-date average of 38.5 percent of total revenue.
Profit & Loss Key Performance Indicators – U.S. (in USD)
RevPAR: +1.1% to $159.63
TRevPAR: +0.4% to $236.65
Payroll: +0.9 pts to 36.5%
GOPPAR: -2.2% to $82.23
While there are some signs of a summer slump, room occupancy levels remained relatively buoyant, at 80.4 percent, in spite of a 0.9 percentage-point decline. The strength of demand enabled hoteliers to leverage achieved average room rate to record a 2.2 percent year-on-year increase to $198.47, which contributed to its ongoing upward trajectory.
In contrast to recent months, in which average room rate has been driven by the commercial segment, the growth in July was fueled by the leisure segment, which included an increase in individual leisure (up 9.2 percent), as well as group leisure (up 15.4 percent) segments, but was also supported by a 22.1 percent increase in rate in the corporate segment to $194.52.
In line with the performance of hotels across the U.S. this month, properties in Washington, D.C., also had a tough stretch as profit per room plunged by 13.9 percent year-on-year to $66.35, which was 63 percent below the year-to-date GOPPAR figure for the nation’s capital at $108.14.
This year has been an operating challenge for hotels in Washington, D.C.: falling top-line revenues, as well as rising costs, have meant year-on-year profit per room has now fallen by 11.8 percent in the seven months to July 2018.
The challenges to GOPPAR this year are in contrast to the year-on-year increases recorded in both 2016 (10.3-percent) and 2017 (7.9 percent).
While hotels in the city recorded an increase in non-rooms revenues this month, which included an uplift in food & beverage (3.1 percent), conference & banqueting (11.2 percent) and leisure (2.8 percent), revenue on a per-available-room basis was not enough to offset the 8 percent drop in rooms revenue, and as a result, TRevPAR fell by 4.1 percent in July to $245.67.
In addition to falling total revenue levels, hotels in Washington, D.C., continue to suffer increases in costs, illustrated by the 2.2 percentage-point lift in labor this month to 44 percent, which is well above the average recorded in this measure for year-to-date 2018, at 38.7 percent of total revenue.
Profit & Loss Key Performance Indicators – Washington, D.C. (in USD)
July 2018 v July 2017
RevPAR: -8.0% to $168.83
TrevPAR: -4.1% to $245.67
Payroll: +2.2 pts to 44.0%
GOPPAR: -13.9% to $66.35
Declining RevPAR levels at hotels in the capital have been hit by a drop in both room occupancy (down 1.3 percentage points) and average room rate (down 6.6 percent) for year-to-date 2018, which is symptomatic of a drop in demand, an increase in supply, or both.
In line with the movement in the U.S. overall, hotels in New Orleans suffered a 5.6 percent drop in profit per room in July, in spite of a 0.2 percent increase in RevPAR.
While hotels in New Orleans successfully recorded a 7.7 percent increase in achieved average room rate to $167.14, it was almost entirely wiped out by a 5.3 percentage-point decline in room occupancy.
In addition, declining non-rooms revenues contributed to the 0.7 percent drop in TRevPAR in July to $176.46.
Profit & Loss Key Performance Indicators – New Orleans (in USD)
July 2018 v July 2017
RevPAR: +0.2% to $118.77
TrevPAR: -0.7% to $176.46
Payroll: +0.7 pts to 34.3%
GOPPAR: -5.6% to $56.96
Falling revenue levels were further hit by a 0.7 percentage-point increase in labor costs to 34.3 percent of total revenue.
At $56.96, this was the lowest GOPPAR level recorded at hotels in New Orleans so far in 2018 and equivalent to a profit conversion of just 32.3 percent of total revenue, which is well below the year-to-date average of 45.4 percent.
Editor’s Notes: The hotels profiled in this report are drawn from the HotStats database and reflect the portfolios and distribution of the hotel chains that we survey and which operate in the full-service sector. Please note: The data samples are reviewed and rebased each year to reflect the changes in the HotStats survey base. As a result, performance ratios published last year may differ from those contained within this report.
Occupancy (%) - Is that proportion of the bedrooms available during the period which are occupied during the period.
Average Room Rate (ARR) - Is the total bedroom revenue for the period divided by the total bedrooms occupied during the period.
Room Revpar (RevPAR) - Is the total bedroom revenue for the period divided by the total available rooms during the period.
Total Revpar (TRevPAR) - Is the combined total of all revenues divided by the total available rooms during the period.
Payroll % - Is the payroll for all hotels in the sample as a percentage of total revenue.
GOP PAR - Is the Total Gross Operating Profit for the period divided by the total available rooms during the period.
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